Sella, Quintino

   Born in Biella (Piedmont) to a wealthy family of cloth manufacturers, Sella was a mathematician and geologist by training. Encouraged to take up politics by Camillo Benso di Cavour, he became finance minister in 1862 during Urbano Rattazzi’s premiership and held the position for most of the next 10 years. Personally austere, and a skilled administrator, he imposed a policy of rigid economy on Italy. In 1868, Sella was the architect of the deeply unpopular grist tax (dazio sul macinato), which, starting in January 1869, imposed a tax of two lire for every hundred kilograms of milled grain. This tax was deeply regressive (it removed 10 days’income from the pocket of the average agricultural laborer), and it provoked widespread riots that cost more than 200 lives. Sella won for himself the unenviable reputation as the “starver of the people.” Nevertheless, if by the time of the “parliamentary revolution” in 1876 Italy’s national accounts were in the black, much of the credit must be given to Sella and to his bitter rival but fellow fiscal conservative, Marco Minghetti. Sella was a strong anticleric. As finance minister, he sold off the Catholic Church’s assets in Italy at discount prices and joined the constitutional left in restricting the amount of independence allowed to the Church by the guarantee laws in 1871. Sella was a great lover of the mountains, and one of his most lasting achievements was to found the Italian Alpine Association in 1863. Despite his national standing as a politician, he did not disdain local office, and between 1870 and his death in 1884 he was president of the provincial council of Novara.
   See also Alps; Catholicism; Lanza, Giovanni.

Historical Dictionary of Modern Italy. . 2007.

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  • Sella, Quintino — ▪ Italian statesman born July 7, 1827, Mosso, near Biella, Piedmont [Italy] died March 14, 1884, Biella       statesman who helped place the new national government on a firm financial footing after the unification of Italy.       Educated for… …   Universalium

  • Quintino Sella — Mandats Ministre des Finances 3 mars 1862 – …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Quintino Sella — (* 7. Juli 1827 in Sella di Mosso, Provinz Biella; † 14. März 1884 in Biella) war ein italienischer Gelehrter, Politiker und Ökonom. Er war auch Minister in den Regierungen von Rattazzi, La Marmora und Lanza. Als …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sella — Sella, Quintino, ital. Staatsmann, geb. 7. Juli 1827 in Mosso bei Biella, gest. 14. März 1884, studierte in Turin, bereiste Frankreich, England und Deutschland, wurde Professor der Geometrie und Direktor des Mineralogischen Museums in Turin und… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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  • Quintino Sella — (July 7, 1827 March 14, 1884) was an Italian statesman and financier.BiographySella was born at Sella di Mosso, in the Province of Biella.After studying engineering at Turin, he was sent in 1843 to study mineralogy at the Parisian school of mines …   Wikipedia

  • Quintino — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Con Quintino podemos referirnos a: Personas Quintino Bocaiúva jornalista y político brasileño Quintino Vilas Boas Neto escultor portugués Quintino de Lacerda personaje histórico brasileño José Quintino Dias personaje …   Wikipedia Español

  • Sella class destroyer — Sella class destroyers were a group of destroyers built for the Italian Regia Marina in the 1920s. Two of these ships fought in World War II and both were sunk after the Italian capitulation to the Allies. Two more ships were sold to the Swedish… …   Wikipedia

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